Learning disability impacts how a person inquires knowledge of new things durning there lifetime. It affects how an individual understands information and how it communicates. It means they may have difficulty understanding complex information, learning new skills, and dealing independently, referred to as specific learning impairment.
I have this condition, and I have experienced great success in all areas of my life when using my strengths and the strategies and figuring out techniques that are most suitable and effective for specific requirements and tacks.
Although learning disabilities and attention-related problems are now being detected more successfully in children, many people don’t understand that adults can suffer from these problems also. For many adults, the diagnosis and treatment of learning issues were not readily available when they were in school.
So it is most likely that many people with learning issues passed through the education system undetected. Now they are adults with responsibilities and challenges and struggle to deal with their academic part and relationships with others. The same processing problems that may have restricted them in school are dealing with this as adults and don’t even know they have this learning disability.
What Is Learning Disability?
Learning disabilities are neurological disorders that affect the ability to acts on information. These strain or difficulty materializes at the central nervous system level and affects how a person learns, understands, and process information. Learning impairment does not fit one type or profile for adults. There are many patterns of the kinds of difficulties because people listen and understand things differently.
One adult might be able to read smoothly without difficulties and have difficulties expressing his or her thoughts in writing. At the same time, another might not be able to read adequately but have excellent communicating skills, Or like me in my younger years, and I expressed myself well in my writing. Still, I lacked in verbally expressing myself with others. I had to take communication courses to overcome this barrier.
According to research, one of the main difficulties people with this condition is reading, which scientific describe it as dyslexia.
Most Of My Siblings And I Have Learning Disability
In my early young years while in high school, I often thought something was wrong with me. I observed that I had to work harder than others in specific areas to get the same results, it took me more time to finish assignments, and most times, I had to retake classes or seek extra help to get by. There were times I became disoriented with the education process causing aggravation, but I fought through it and caught up.
I have 15 siblings, and a few of them have a learning disability and got frustrated when struggling with this, that they end up dropping out of school, even though some often felt they were intelligent enough to succeed but not in the speed required to fit in. They manage to find trades that interest them and have successful lives.
Causes of Learning Disability
Experts are not exactly sure about the root cause of learning disabilities. However, they affirm that some learning disabilities can occur when a person’s brain development is impaired, either before they are born, during their birth, or early childhood.
It May be caused by:
- The mother became sick during pregnancy.
- During the birth, problems stopped sufficient oxygen from getting to the brain, low birth weight, drug use, alcohol during pregnancy, and premature or lengthened labor.
- The unborn baby inheriting specific genes from its parents makes having a learning disability more likely – known as an inherited learning disability.
- It may be sickness such as meningitis or injury in early childhood.
- Things that occurred after birth, such as head injuries, lack of proper nutrition, and exposure to harmful substances, can also contribute.
Learning disability is not a condition known to be caused by economic disadvantages or cultural differences. Sometimes the cause for it is not known. Some states are associated with having a learning disability because people with these conditions are likely to have it.
I have a sister with epilepsy, and studies show that around 30% of people with epilepsy are prone to learning difficulties.
Positive Characteristics of Learning Disability in Adult
Some adults with learning disabilities have positive characteristics such as:
- Problem-solving skills-The ability to solve difficult or unexpected situations
- Creative strategies-Developing and implementing steps to achieve success on specific goals or projects
- Wisdom-The ability to act and think using your own life experiences, knowledge, common sense, and insights with virtue and a mindful mindset
- Empathy and extroverted personality- Sensing other people’s emotions and friendly personality.
When I read that in an article, I was surprised because that describes me completely. I have eight sisters, and all have a learning disability disorder. But one thing we all have in common is all of the characteristics above.
Areas of difficulties also include the following:
Struggling with reading and writing can be a sign of learning impairment. If it took you a very long time to complete reading assignments as a child, now as an adult, you might have noticed you try to avoid reading or avoid responding to a letter or phone text most times because you’re worried you will misspell too many words.
In dealing with my fears in writing, my strategy is to have a dictionary and thesaurus in hand. Now with advanced phone technology, we can have apps downloaded to our phones as well.
Trouble with Math
Mathematics is not an easy subject, and a lot of people have difficulties with it. Maybe you’ve noticed that you always find it especially difficult to balance your checkbook. Cooking might even be tricky if you struggle with quantities and measurements. These can be signs of dyscalculia, a learning difference that affects your ability to practice math. Many experts say that dyscalculia is just as common as dyslexia’s difficulty reading, which is diagnosed most often. There are many tools out there that can help people with dyscalculia cope with everyday challenges; This includes essential tools like calculators.
My strategy– in dealing with numbers, I have utilized tools and digital technology. I use a calculator to help me with my large additions and subtractions. I use digital technology for visual explanations on more complex math solving. Youtube has many videos that would help with visual answers on tape measurements, liquid measurements, cubic measurements, triangle measurements, algebra, addition, the balance of a checkbook, and so many more.
Focus and Organization Problems
Do you have trouble focusing while working on something following a conversation? You may switch off quite often or have difficulty sitting still for long periods, or maybe you are generally forgetful and distracted and are often late?
It is most common for most people that have a learning disability. But don’t feel bad because people that don’t have learning disability also deals with these issues. Please don’t beat yourself for this, and I am saying this. with a smile on my face.
My Strategy– I make sure I sit on the front roll in class, church, and seminars. It helped me maintain my focus on what is essential and not get distracted by my surroundings. If you can’t seem to stay still in the chair, then sit in a corner by the wall where you will be able to stand up once in a while and say to anyone who is being nosy about why are you standing, that you are experiencing leg cramps.
Difficulty with Social Interaction
You probably have noticed you’re not comfortable in social settings, and it’s not because you’re shy, but because you might find it hard to keep up with a conversation. Or maybe you tend to miss social cues and find yourself interrupting conversations often. There are many possible reasons for struggling with social skills, which include non-verbal learning difficulties.
My Strategy-If you are struggling with social skills, there are many ways to improve that. Learn the basics of social rules, and try out specific strategies, as I did.
For example: If you know there is a school event for parents or something at work, prepare for it. Make a list of common topics you’d like to talk about and questions you can ask. Remember, there is never a stupid question. You might ask a question that others in the room would not dare to ask because they are afraid to look foolish among others. So be the hero and step up and ask that stupid question. I promise you will get reactions around the room where more stupid questions will be popping up, and you just created a convertible meeting.
I do this all the time, and it helps me with breaking my barriers to social interaction.
Some adults with learning disabilities will have difficulty with self-control, perceiving social situations appropriately. In my opinion, the cause of this has to do with hiding behind the wall so no one will figure their debility.
Learning difficulties are not related to low intelligence. Most people with learning disabilities have average or above-average intelligence. Still, the impact of the disability can affect their ability to function well at home, school, or in the workplace.
Let us educate ourselves more on this issue to live productive on the things that matter most in our life: family, friends, and the workplace.
Diagnosis of Learning Disability
Diagnosing a learning disability is a process. Typically, learning disability evaluations are performed by psychologists, psychiatrists, neuropsychologists, licensed psychological counselors, or school psychologists. This is done through clinical review of the individual’s developmental, medical, educational, and family history, reports of test scores and teacher’s observations, and response to academic interventions.
If you feel your child is facing difficulty interacting with kids, struggling with academics, lack of focus, inability to obtain lessons, or following instructions, request an evaluation to be conducted. It will save you and your child lots of headaches, and that child will be grateful you sought help in his/her adult years. Also, find the strategies to his/her learning disability so as they get older, they will apply it through their adulthood and become productive in their careers.
When I was giving birth to my youngest daughter, my umbilical cord was wrapped around my daughter’s neck. Every time I tried to push her out, her heart would slow down. They had to do an emergency cesarean. When she was in her second grade, she struggled in her reading, math, and speech impediments. She was diagnosed as a learning disability student. Because of what I went through in my childhood school years, I was able to work with her and find her learning strategies. My child is a welder and considered one of the best in her company. In her late 20’s she decided to learn how to play the guitar. In 6 months, my daughter is multitasking by singing and playing the guitar. I am a proud mom to see her succeed and live life, not afraid of going after her dreams.
Strategies, Care, and Regulations
- Reading aloud, audio texts, color-coding for the organization, and graphic organizers are typical strategies known to help people with learning impairments.
- Recount information in one’s words and one-on-one instruction in school or job training.
- Assistive technologies such as calculators, audio recorders, reading guides help adults with learning disabilities—flashcards for reading and math.